Why did Empire Japan invade Manchuria, China? There are two main reasons why Japan invaded China.
The Japanese economy was negatively impacted by the Great Depression of 1929. The government simply had no answer to many of the questions that were asked. In fact, there was a global depression that came about at a time when the Japanese military was strong and the civilian government was viewed as weak. This was why the people of Japan were increasingly looking to the army for a solution to their problems, as they had lost hope in the civilian government. Added to these voices were those of the army generals who suggested a campaign to find new colonies outside of Japan, with the goal of acquiring growth opportunities. This led to the full-scale invasion of the Chinese province of Manchuria. By 1931, Japan had invested very large sums of money to grow the economy of Manchuria, which at that time was under the control of the South Manchuria Railway Company. Japan also strengthened its forces in southern Manchuria so that it could hold on to its acquisition.
A growing concern in Japan was the fact that the population kept expanding and the country was becoming overcrowded because of its relatively small size. This was why the additional 200,000 square kilo meters that Manchuria provided was critical to accommodating the future spillover of the Japanese population. The Japanese people justified this because they had a very low opinion of the Chinese. Therefore, they never considered the rights of the Chinese citizens. Furthermore, it was firmly believed that Manchuria had valuable natural resources, such as fertile agricultural land, valuable forests, and much-needed minerals. At that time, Japan had many problems, and the most suitable solution to those problems seemed to be the invasion of Manchuria.
Japan had to find a way to justify the attack on Manchuria. This was why it arranged for an explosion on a section of the South Manchuria Railway. This alleged act of hostility on the part of the Chinese was used to justify the Japanese army’s attack on the Manchurian town of Shenyang. Naturally, this Japanese aggression caused outrage in the West and other parts of the planet. In fact, demands were made for Japan to withdraw from the region immediately. Because the hostilities did not originate with the Japanese civilian government, but with the army, politicians could blame everything on the so-called army hotheads and renegades.