Is there a country which is called the land of the setting sun?
No, there is no country that is called “Land of the Setting Sun”. The term “Land of the Rising Sun” is often used to refer to Japan, which is located in the easternmost part of Asia.
Norway is called the land of the midnight sun, not the land of the setting sun or the land of the sunset. This is because the sun does not set for 24 hours in the summer in the far north of Norway. The further north you go, the longer the period of daylight. In the town of Hammerfest, for example, the sun does not set from May 18 to July 26. In the winter, the opposite is true and the sun does not rise for 24 hours. This is called the polar night.
The reason for this phenomenon is that the Earth’s axis is tilted relative to its orbit around the sun. In the summer, the North Pole is tilted towards the sun, so the sun shines for 24 hours in the Arctic Circle and beyond. In the winter, the North Pole is tilted away from the sun, so the sun does not rise at all in the Arctic Circle and beyond
Japan is known as the “Land of the Rising Sun” because it is located to the east of the Asian continent and it is in the East of China This geographical position has given rise to the poetic and symbolic association of Japan with the rising sun.
There is no particular country that is commonly referred to as “the Land of the Setting Sun.” The phrase, “Land of the Rising Sun” is specifically associated with Japan, while “the Land of the Setting Sun” does not have a widely recognized or commonly used designation for any specific country. It may be used poetically or metaphorically in literature or artistic expressions, but it does not have the same cultural or historical significance as “the Land of the Rising Sun” has for Japan.
One interesting fact is that when Japanese government sent a sovereign message to China in the 7th century, the letter said “from the emperor of the rising sun to the emperor of the setting sun” meaning Japan is the land of the rising sun and China is the land of setting sun. This makes sense as China was in the direction of the setting sun to the eyes of the Japanese.
During that period, Japan referred to itself as the “Land of the Rising Sun” (Nihon) and considered China as the “Land of the Setting Sun”. This perspective was based on the eastward geographical orientation of Japan in relation to China, where the sun appeared to rise over Japan and set in China. While there is a historical reference to Japan using the phrase “the Land of the Rising Sun” to symbolize itself and “the Land of the Setting Sun” to refer to China, it is important to note that this usage was specific to that particular context and time period.
In general, the term “the Land of the Setting Sun” is not commonly used by Japanese people to refer to China or any other country. It is not a widely recognized or commonly used designation in contemporary discourse. It’s worth mentioning that poetic or metaphorical expressions may sometimes be used in literature or artistic works to convey imagery or symbolism, but these are not commonly used in everyday language or official designations.
Therefore, outside of the historical reference, the term “the Land of the Setting Sun” is not typically associated with China in Japanese language or culture.