Adderall is the trade name for a drug containing amphetamines. It is prescribed mainly in the U.S. and other countries as a treatment for ADHD.
Indications are attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. In the U.S., it is used by students as a smart drug, for example, because it helps them concentrate. However, it is an unapproved drug in Japan. Adderall is illegal in Japan.
Outside of Japan, Adderall is used as a standard treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) along with methylphenidate (Ritalin, Concerta, etc.).
It has also been used to treat sleep disorders such as narcolepsy. In the 21st century, newer agents such as modafinil are also available as options. In general, they can be effective for long periods without becoming addictive or causing physical dependence. In addition, they can be used in the treatment of refractory antidepressants.
Amphetamine (Adderall) is illegal in Japan. Currently, no amphetamine products are officially approved for medical use. Illegal possession or use is punishable by imprisonment for up to 10 years.
At the request of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), a special measures law was passed on June 9, 2021, allowing only athletes competing in the 2020 Tokyo Olympics to bring in the drug as a treatment for ADHD.
During the Olympics, about 10 to 15 athletes who needed Adderall as a treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) brought Adderall to Japan.