Short history of this city
South Africa is divided into nine provinces and one of these is Gauteng. The largest city in Gauteng is Johannesburg which before 1994 was part of the old Transvaal. Its history goes back to 1886 when gold was discovered on the farm Langlaagte. Thereafter the population grew at a very fast rate and within 10 years there was a municipality. Johannesburg became a city in 1928 and it has always been the largest city in Gauteng. In 2002, 10 other municipalities were added and this led to the formation of the city of Johannesburg Metropolitan municipality. It continues to be a major center of learning and also of entertainment not only for South Africa but also for the entire continent. The first inhabitants of the area surrounding Johannesburg were the San people. They were primarily hunters who make use of a few primitive tools. Some archaeological findings seems to suggest that they had been there for the last thousand years. Migration of several bantu-speaking people started in the 13th century and these people started to move south from the more central regions of Africa and they started to intrude in those areas which was held until now by the San people.
The coming of European farmers
The Great Trek took place during the 1830s and 1840s as many Boere or Afrikaans farmers tried to escape the British control in the Cape colony. After this event took place many European farmers also came to the old Transvaal and they started to settle there. Many of them establish themselves in the same region where Johannesburg would later be located. Each citizen was entitled to own at least one farm and the size of these farms was approximately 3100 acres. Some of the most well-known farms of this time was Braamfontein, Turffontein, Langlaagte and also Doornfontein. One of the most successful prospectors of the time was George Harrison and he is the man who discovered the main reef of gold on the farm Langlaagte in 1886. In September of that year a vast area stretching from Roodepoort to Driefontein was declared as public diggings and a mining commissioner was appointed to oversee the mining operations.
Tourist attractions in Johannesburg
One of the most popular attractions is the apartheid Museum. Apartheid has become a dirty word in South African culture and many people fail to realize that it is in many regards similar to segregation which is practiced all over the world. In every country on the planet we find essentially a separation of classes where the rich is putting themselves above the poor and where one color and culture sets themselves apart from another. There is a general believe that all white people benefitted from apartheid but if such a benefit existed then it was very limited among the middle and lower classes. The real benefactors of apartheid was the large mining companies who have used the system in order to obtain cheap labor. Even during the years of sanctions IBM computers was still brought into the country because they were essential for the administration of apartheid. This in itself is a huge contradiction of the statements which was made in the global media. The reasons were obvious, companies such as Anglo-American and DeBeers generated huge profits out of their mining operations in South Africa. The irony is that South Africa has vast mineral resources but the major part of those resources are flowing into the pockets of hypocritical foreigners.